Minimum Number of Swaps to Make the String Balanced solution leetcode

Minimum Number of Swaps to Make the String Balanced solution leetcode

You are given a 0-indexed string s of even length n. The string consists of exactly n / 2 opening brackets '[' and n / 2 closing brackets ']'.

A string is called balanced if and only if:

  • It is the empty string, or
  • It can be written as AB, where both A and B are balanced strings, or
  • It can be written as [C], where C is a balanced string.

You may swap the brackets at any two indices any number of times.

Return the minimum number of swaps to make s balanced.

 

Example 1:

Input: s = "][]["
Output: 1
Explanation: You can make the string balanced by swapping index 0 with index 3.
The resulting string is "[[]]".

Example 2:

Input: s = "]]][[["
Output: 2
Explanation: You can do the following to make the string balanced:
- Swap index 0 with index 4. s = "[]][[]".
- Swap index 1 with index 5. s = "[[][]]".
The resulting string is "[[][]]".

Example 3:

Input: s = "[]"
Output: 0
Explanation: The string is already balanced.

 

Constraints:

  • n == s.length
  • 2 <= n <= 106
  • n is even.
  • s[i] is either '[' or ']'.
  • The number of opening brackets '[' equals n / 2, and the number of closing brackets ']' equals n / 2.
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